Nos hemos encontrado explorando la RED, con una transcripción de lo que la “New International Encyclopedia” by Daniel Gilman (1905) escribia para definir la Raza Vasca. Una interesante, y curiosa, definición que, sin duda, merece un espacio en nuestra web. Pero como se dice en estos casos, tirando del hilo hemos desenrollado la madeja, al menos en parte, y podemos traerles algunos interesantes artículos sobre los vascos, publicados tanto en esta News International Encyclopedia, como en la británica Chambers Encyclopaedia, en la que se basó la primera.
Bien. Pues así nos definian en sus enciclopedias británicos y norteamericanos a finales del siglo XIX y principios del siglo XX. Como pueden ver, todas las referencias están recogidas de Facsnet, una interesante web que ofrece recursos libres de derechos.
A province, and formerly a kingdom of Spain, is bounded on the n. by France, on the s. and e. by Aragon, and on the w. by the Biscays: nail is situated in 42� 20′ to 43′ 15′ n. lat., and 0� 50′ to 2� 30′ w. long. Area abort 4;000 sq. miles. Pop. ’70, 318.687. The country is mountainous, being bounded and traversed by the Pyrenees, spurs of which occupy almost the whole of the province in its northern and eastern parts.
A district of Spain, in lat.. 42� 25′ to 43� 28′ n., and long. 1� 44′ to 3′ 25 w., and comprising the three provinces of Biscay, Guipuzcoa, and Alava, which constituted the ancient They form a sort of triangle, the base of which is the bay of Biscay on the n., and the apex the town of Logrono in the s.; the boundary lines of Navarre on the e., and Santander and Burgos on the w., forming the two sides. The total area of the provinces is about 3000 sq.m., and the population in 1870, 471,989. The surface of the B. P. is very mountainous, particularly that of Alava, which is everywhere cut up into deep narrow valleys by offsets from the main chain of mountains.
he Basque race is not confined to the Basque Provinces or to the southern side of the Pyrenees. On the French side of the Pyrenees three cantons of the Depart ment of Basses Pyri;mles, ie Labourd, Basse Navarre, and Soule, are inhabited by Basques, who, though they retain their own tongue, have not so fully preserved the characteristics of the race as their Spanish brethren, but are, anthro pologically, midway in skull measurement and other tests of racial affinities between the Au vergnats on their north and the Spanish Basques.
(Fr. Biscayan, Lat. Vasrones, whence Fr. Ouseons, Med. Lat. Biscaini, Basque Euskaldun or Eskalkun). An isolated language of Southern France and Northern Spain, of entirely unknown affinities, spoken by about 440,000 persons. It is most plausibly supposed to be the sole representative of the ancient Ibe rian languages, which were superseded by Latin when the Romans conquered Spain and Gaul. In structure, Basque belongs to the so-called poly synthetic or agglutinative type of languages, since it incorporates into the verb the pronomi nal elements for subject and object.